1. .., .. (1979). Σ .. , .: , . 126-148
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  3. .. . (1991). , . ޣ , , , 128 .
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  5. (1988). Astronauts guide to terrestrial impact craters.. Space Shuttle Earth Observation Project, Lunar and Planetary Institute (March 1988).
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  7. Grieve R.A.F. (1987). Terrestrial impact structures. Ann.Rev.Earth Planet.Sci., Vol.15, p. 245-270
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  10. Schmidt G., Palme H., Kratz K.-L. (1995). The fractionation of platinum-group-elements in impact melts from european impact craters. Annales Geophysicae, Supplement of Vol. 13, 1995; Geophysicae 13, C742.
  11. Schmidt Gerhard, Palme Herbert, Kratz Karl-Ludwig (1997). Highly siderophile elements (Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh, Pd, Au) in impact melts from three European impact craters (Saaksjarvi. Mien, and Dellen): Clues to the nature of the impacting bodies. Geochim. et cosmochim. acta , Vol.61, No.14, 2977-2987
  12. Kinnunen Kari A., Lindqvist Kristian (1998). Agate as an indicator of impact structures: An example from Saaksjarvi, Finland. Meteorit. and Planet. Sci., Vol.33, No.4, P. 7-12
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  14. John G. Spray, Director PASSC (2005). Impact Structures listed by Name. Current total number of confirmed impact structures: 172 .
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22 . . 10 , . . , (). CI ( (3-9)*0,001). - Pd/Ir. . CI - 0,0003 0,001, - , . . Os/ . Os OsO[4].
(Schmidt G., Palme H., Kratz K.-L., 1995).

Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pd, Au (), (). . (CI-) 0,5%, - ~0,1%. IIAB IIIAB. Os Ir OsO(,4) . : /, Os Ir - 3*10('-5), Ru - 1,1*10('-3), Rh - 3,8*10('-4), Pd - 2*10('-3), Co - 8, Cr -37.
(Schmidt Gerhard, Palme Herbert, Kratz Karl-Ludwig, 1997)

. / Ni, Co, Cr, . Ni, Co . , . , . , , .
(Badjukov D.D., Raitala J., 2006).




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