1. Lindstrom M., Puura V., Floden T., Bruun A. (1992). Ordovician impacts at sea in Baltoscandia . Pap. Present. Int. Conf. Large Meteorite Impacts and Planet. Evol., Sudbury, Aug. 31 - Sept. 2, 1992 , Houston (Tex.), P. 47
  2. Lindstrom Maurits, Floden Tom, Puura Vaino, Suuroja Kalle (1992). The Kardla, Tvaren, and Lockne craters - possible evidences of an Ordovician asteroid swarm . . . ., Vol.41, No.2, P. 45-53
  3. Grahn Yngve, Nolvak Jaak (1993). Chitinozoan dating of Ordovician impact events in Sweden and Estonia. A preliminary note. Geol. foren. Stockholm forhandl., Vol.115, No.3, P. 263-264
  4. Forsberg P.P., Sturkell E.F.F., Broman C., Torssander P. (1996). Stable isotopes and fluid inclusions in cavity grown minerals from the Lockne impact breccia, Jamtland, Sweden. GFF, Vol.118, P. 98-99
  5. Sturkell E.F.F., Lindstrom M. (1996). Mass balance of the Lockne impact structure, central Sweden . GFF, Vol.118, P. 102-103
  6. Tornberg R. (1996). Impact-related resurge sedimentology as exemplified by the Lockne, Tvaren and Kardla structures. GFF, Vol.118, P. 103
  7. Ormo J., Lindstrom M., Sturkell E., Tornberg R. (1997). The middle ordovician lockne crater as a small-scale model for impacts at sea. LPI Contrib., No.922, P. 38
  8. Von Dalwigk I., Ormo J. (1999). Formation of resurge gullies at impacts at sea: The Lockne Crater, Sweden. Ber. Polarforsch., No.343, P. 24-25
  9. Wallin Asa (1999). Middle ordovician acritarchs from impact structures in Sweden . Acta Univ.Carol.Geol [Pap. of the 8th Intern.Symp.on the Ordovic.Sys."Quo vadis Ordovician?', Prague, Vol.43, No.1, P. 269-270
  10. Wallin A. (1999). Middle Ordovician Acritarchs from Impact Structures in Sweden. Ber. Polarforsch., No.343, P. 103-105
  11. Von Dalwigk Ilka, Ormo Jens (2001). Formation of resurge gullies at impacts at sea: The Lockne crater, Sweden . Meteorit. and Planet. Sci, Vol.36, No.3, P. 359-369
  12. Jarmo Moilanen (2004). References.
  13. John G. Spray, Director PASSC (2005). Impact Structures listed by Name. Current total number of confirmed impact structures: 172.
  14. Osinski Gordon R. (2006). The geological record of meteorite impacts. 40th ESLAB First International Conference on Impact Cratering in the Solar System, 8-12 May 2006., Noordwijk,The Netherlands
  15. Parnell John, Lindgren Paula (2006). The processing of organic matter in impact craters: implications for the exploration for life. 40th ESLAB First International Conference on Impact Cratering in the Solar System, 8-12 May 2006., Noordwijk,The Netherlands
  16. Alwmark C., Schmitz B. (2006). EXTRA TERRESTRIAL CHROMITE IN THE RESURGE DEPOSITS OF THE LOCKNE IMPACT STRUCTURE, CENTRAL SWEDEN
  17. Alwmark C., Schmitz B. (2006). THE LOCKNE CRATER, DISRUPTION OF THE L CHONDRITE PARENT BODY AND THE GREAT ORDOVICIAN BIODIVERSIFICATION EVENT
  18. Eue D., Kenkmann T., Kiebach F., Mittelhaus K., Pigowske A., Raschke U. (2006). PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF A GEOLOGICAL MAPPING PROJECT OF THE WESTERN LOCKNE CRATER, CENTRAL SWEDEN.
  19. Frisk A. (2006). THE LOCKNE IMPACT CRATER: A HABITAT IN THE ORDOVICIAN SEA
  20. Kenkmann T., Kiebach F., Eue D., Mittelhaus K., Pigowske A., Raschke U. (2006). CALEDONIAN DEFORMATION OVERPRINT ONTO THE LOCKNE CRATER, CENTRAL SWEDEN: ARE RESURGE GULLIES REAL?
  21. Lindstrom M., Ormo J., Sturkell E. (2006). SEDIMENTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RESURGE BRECCIA IN THE LOCKNE-2 DRILL CORE IN THE INNER, DEEPEST PART OF THE CRATER: EVIDENCE FOR MULTIPLE PULSES OF A FORCEFUL (DEEP WATER) RESURGE
  22. Lindstrom M., Ormo J., Sturkell E. (2006). THE CALEDONIAN CONTEXT OF THE LOCKNE CRATER
  23. Lindgren P., Norman C., Orm J., Parnell J., Sturkell E. (2006). URANIUM/THORIUM-RICH BITUMEN NODULES IN THE LOCKNE IMPACT CRATER, SWEDEN
  24. Alwmark Carl, Schmitz Birger (2007). Extraterrestrial chromite in the resurge deposits of the early Late Ordovician Lockne crater, central Sweden . Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., Vol.253, No.1, P. 291-303
  25. ` `


Google Earth.


(Eue D., Kenkmann T., Kiebach F., Mittelhaus K., Pigowske A., Raschke U., 2006)

(Lindgren P., Norman C., Orm J., Parnell J., Sturkell E., 2006)


( " "):

, , 750 , - , . , , , - () () . , , . .
(Lindstrom Maurits, Floden Tom, Puura Vaino, Suuroja Kalle, 1992).

3 - . , . ; . ; ( ). . ( ) ( Nemagraptus gracilis). (- , ) ( , ), ( Diplograptus multidens). .
(Grahn Yngve, Nolvak Jaak, 1993).

~13,5 . , - , , , , 13-20 {3}, - .
(Sturkell E.F.F., Lindstrom M., 1996).

~13,5 . , - 2 . , , , - , , - . , . . , , . , , .
(Forsberg P.P., Sturkell E.F.F., Broman C., Torssander P., 1996).

, , 7,5 , 3 ; 40 . ''200 ; . - , .
(Lindstrom Maurits, Sturkell Erik F.F., Tornberg Roger, Ormo Jens // GFF - 1996)

~7,5 200 ; . , . , .
(Ormo J., Lindstrom M., Sturkell E., Tornberg R., 1997).

(63 00'20'' . ., 14 49'30'' . .) ~460 . . - . : 0.5-3 , 100-1000 , 20-100 . , .
(Von Dalwigk I., Ormo J., 1999).

. (- ) 460 . ( Nemagraptus gracilis, Baltoniodus variabilis), 2 , - . , , , , , , , . , , , I+; , , , Baltisphaeridium, Ordovicidium, Peteinosphaeridium, Coniosphaeridiu, ( . ) 455 . ( Diplograptus multidens, Baltoniodus gerdae), 7,5 , 3 . , 4-5, Baltisphaeridium Goniosphaeridium. , , . ,
(Wallin Asa, 1999) [ ]

, - . , , 2 , . , . Baltisphaeridium u Goniosphaeridium.
(Wallin A., 1999, Ber. Polarforsch.)

Lockne ~460 , . , , ~12 . , , ( Lockne -4 ), , . , , . (. .)
(Von Dalwigk Ilka, Ormo Jens, 2001).

(>63 ) >125 . . , (>75 ) . , , Zn. , L-.
(Alwmark Carl, Schmitz Birger, 2007).




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