1. (1968). . , .:
  2. .. . (1991). , . ޣ , , , 128 .
  3. Grieve R.A.F., Robertson P.B. (1979). The terrestrial cratering record: 1.Current status of observations. Icarus, Vol.38, P. 211-229
  4. Reimold W.U., Grieve R.A.F., Levin G. (1992). Kalkkop crater in the eastern cape - a good candidate for an impact structure. Lunar and Planet. Sci. Vol. 23 Abstr. Pap. 23rd Lunar and Planet. Sci. Conf., March 16-20, 1992. Pt. 3, Houston (Tex.), P. 1142
  5. Reimold W.U., Le Roux F.G., Koeberl C., Shirey S.B. (1993). Kalkkop Crater, Eastern Cape - a new impact crater in South Africa . Lunar and Planet. Sci. Vol. 24. Abstr. Pap. 24th Lunar and Planet. Sci. Conf., March 15-19, 1993. Pt 3., Houston (Tex.), P. 1197
  6. Koeberl Christian, Uwe Reimold Wolf, Shirey Steven B., Le Roux F.G. (1994). Kalkkop Crater, Cape Province, South Africa: Confirmation of impact origin using osmium isotope systematics . Geochim. et cosmochim. acta, Vol.58, No.3, 1229-1234
  7. Jarmo Moilanen (2004). References.
  8. Osinski Gordon R. (2006). The geological record of meteorite impacts. 40th ESLAB First International Conference on Impact Cratering in the Solar System, 8-12 May 2006., Noordwijk,The Netherlands

O .


Google Earth.


( " "):

, "" 640 3243'S 2434', 48.3 .-. - . , . , , . . , , 225 . . : 88.4 , ; 66.45 84.4 . 88.4 , , . 210 . . 4 #*. .
(Reimold W.U., Grieve R.A.F., Levin G., 1992).

, - 640 . , , , , . . . ( 6 ) . Os Re . , . , 7-10 Os {187}Os/{186}Os {187}Re/{186}Os 1,79 16,1 (, , 7,65 73 7,69 147 ). .
Reimold W.U., Le Roux F.G., Koeberl C., Shirey S.B. (1993).

1992 . . 640 . 151,8 . Re Os, Os Nd , . Os{187}/Os{188}=0,61-0,92, ''Nd=-6 -7. Os (Os{187}/Os{188}=0,215; Os{187}/Os{186}=1,79). , , . Os .
(Koeberl Christian, Uwe Reimold Wolf, Shirey Steven B., Le Roux F.G., 1994).




, , , - , , , , -, 2.7º. , (CMB) , 2.7ºK. . . , () . 1933 . . 2.8ºK - . FAQ .

Bourabai Research Institution home page

   - Bourabai Research Bourabai Research Institution