Copyright - Karim A. Khaidarov, July 1, 2005

. , , , . , . , . . .

" , ".
[. 90]

[1-19], . . [24, 15-16], . [20-23] , , .

, , , . .

. . . . , , , .

, . , . 1795 [25]:

, , 250 , ; , , .

, 20- , .

, 20- . , .

, , . . , , , .

. . : , , , , . .

.1. , .

, , , , .

, , , , .

(1)

φ , γ , M , R ; f0 , f .

(1) , , . , , (), , , c2, (1) 1.

, Z

Z = (f0 f)/f

(1)

φ/c2 = (Z-1 + 1)-1 < 1

. , . , , , , , M/R (. .2.)

φ = γM/R = γρ4πR2/3 = γρS/3

ρ - ; S .

.2. Z.

. , , , . . . , , 4 :

, - , , . , , [1-19].

. , . (., , [18-19])

Zi = (Zv +1)/(Zg + 1) - 1

(2)

Zi , Zv , Zg , .

, . . [26] , VLBI 1979 - 2003 . : 580 0.5 mas/ , 50-60 , 3σ. , , , .

, . , 0,4 mas.

, . . . .. .

1971 . [20], , , .

. , , , .

, , . , , , . , - .

(2) , , . . , [18]:

Z = 0.061; 0,30; 0,60; 0.96, 1.41; 1.96; 2.63

:

Z = exp((n + a)/b) - 1; a = 0,285; b = 4.874

(3)

n = 0, 1, 2, 3 - , .

n - .

(1), (3)

(4)

M , R .

, , (4), .

, , .. , ( R), (1),

v1 = ( γM/R)0.5 = (2kTe/me)0,5 [m/s] ,

γ .

[41]

Te = γMme / 2kR [oK],

(5)

, . (5) , , ct = 1,093. , . , ctQSO = 2.

Kred . .

(4) (5)

(6)

Kred ; me ; c ; k ; Ct .

(6) 1.

1. .

(n)

Zi

Temiss

Tem.corr

φ/c2

Kred

0

0,060

8,42E+07

7,94E+07

0,057

1,000

1

0,302

3,44E+08

1,85E+08

0,232

0,700

2

0,598

5,55E+08

1,74E+08

0,374

0,500

3

0,962

7,27E+08

1,11E+08

0,490

0,300

4

1,409

8,67E+08

8,28E+07

0,585

0,230

5

1,958

9,81E+08

7,13E+07

0,662

0,215

6

2,632

1,07E+09

5,92E+07

0,725

0,200

, , . , (4)

(7)

(7) R, .

[42] , 31011 [Pa] . . .

, , . , .

( ). Km,

Km = B/ρ [m2/s2],

(8)

ρ [kg/m3].

(8) .

(9)

α ; c ; me ; mp .

(9) ,

pm = 2mp Km / VH = 1.51011 [kg/ms2], [Pa],

(10)

mp , VH ≈ 1.14πR3H/3 , RH ( ).

3.01011 p ρ

ρ = p / Km = 3.2310-8 p [kg/m3]

(11)

[41 - 43]. , .

. , , , . , .

, .

, . . 3.

. 3. .

; b, c , d - .

( ). (4) , . , .

, (7) , h

h = kT/mg ~ RQSO,

m .

, [18]. , .4 . NGC 622 UM 341 , . 2.

2. .

object

mvis

Zobs

Zint exp

Zint tab

dZ

TQSO oK

mabs

L [J/s]

M/Msun

RQSO [km]

density [kg/m3]

NGC 622

14,1

0,017

-

-

-

-

-26,1

8,2E+38

 

 

 

UB1

18,4

0,910

0,878

0,962

-0,08

1,11E+08

-21,8

1,6E+37

257

774

2,6E+14

BS01

19,0

1,460

1,419

1,409

0,01

8,28E+07

-21,2

9,0E+38

352

888

2,4E+14

SDSS

18,9

1,501

1,459

1,409

0,05

8,28E+07

-21,3

9,9E+36

368

930

2,2E+14

SDSS

19,3

2,749

2,686

2,632

0,05

5,92E+07

-20,9

6,9E+36

600

1222

1,6E+14

FIRST

17,8

0,344

0,322

0,302

0,02

1,85E+08

-22,4

2,7E+37

122

781

1,2E+14

SDSS

18,6

1,522

1,480

1,409

0,07

8,28E+07

-21,6

1,3E+37

423

1067

1,7E+14

SDSS

19,2

1,049

1,015

0,962

0,05

1,11E+08

-21,0

7,5E+36

178

536

5,5E+14

UM 341

16,6

0,399

-

-

-

 

-24,1

1,3E+38

 

 

 

SDSS

18,4

1,666

0,906

0,962

-0,06

1,11E+08

-22,3

2,5E+37

323

973

1,7E+14

SDSS

18,6

0,718

0,228

0,302

-0,07

1,85E+08

-22,1

2,1E+37

106

679

1,6E+14

4S

21,7

0,879

0,343

0,302

0,04

1,85E+08

-19,0

1,2E+36

25,6

163

2,8E+15

SDSS

19,0

0,745

0,247

0,302

-0,05

1,85E+08

-21,7

1,4E+37

89

565

2,3E+14

UM 339

18,2

1,310

0,651

0,598

0,05

1,74E+08

-22,5

3,0E+37

145

573

3,7E+14

SDSS

19,3

1,805

1,005

0,962

0,04

1,11E+08

-21,4

1,1E+37

213

643

3,8E+14

SDSS

19,5

3,183

1,990

1,958

0,03

7,13E+07

-21,2

9,0E+36

473

1055

1,9E+14

SDSS

19,1

0,734

0,239

0,302

-0,06

1,85E+08

-21,6

1,3E+37

85

540

2,6E+14

SDSS

19,1

0,781

0,273

0,302

-0,03

1,85E+08

-21,6

1,3E+37

85

540

2,6E+14

. 4. .

( , (3) ).

, , :

- ( . , ) ( , ) , ( , , ) .


, 1 2005 .

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  29. . . . - , 2003.
  30. . . . - , 2003.
  31. . . . - , 2003.
  32. . . . - , 2003.
  33. . . . - , 2004.
  34. . . . - , 2004.
  35. . . . - , 2004.
  36. . . . - , 2004.
  37. . . . - , 2004.
  38. . . . . . - , 2004.
  39. . . . - , 2004.
  40. . . . - , 2004.
  41. . . . - , 2004.
  42. . . . - , 2004.
  43. . . . - , 2004.
  44. . . . - , - , 2004.
  45. . . . - , - , 2005
  46. .. : , , 2005
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