,

1 , .

1.

ZOC, . . . , , :

Z = Z / (1 + g K),         (1)

g ;

.

, .

(U1), , , (U2), , . .

, .

,

.         (2)

.

, ( ), ( , , :

.         (3)

:

R > > R ( R ),

.         (4)

, , (U), (I, D I) .


( 20 )

, 1990- CMB ( ), 1974. , . FAQ .


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