I

. , . . . 1823 . ( , , ).

1832 . . ("") , , , , .

.

XIX -

XIX . , . , . , . , , .

1889 , , , 1915 IBM - International Business Machines ( ), , .

, - 1889 1989.

IBM, 1937 ., ,

, , . , . , - . . , - . . 1880 10 . . . 1896 - Tabulating Machine Company, XX - IBM

, , . . , , , .
. , , , . , , .
, , , , .

1938 - 1956

Z3

, . . 1930- . 1938 Z1, , , 1941 - Z2, , , 238 235, , , .

1943 , "". , .
1944 , , IBM . , " I", 600 . " I" , , . " I" : 3-5 . , . " I" , . , , .
1946 . () - , . 1000 " I". 18000 , 70000 , 5 160 , . , ( , ), .
, , . , , , . , ( " ") - . , , "" 1930- - 1940 . , , 1946 , Z2. , , , , . 1945 , , , , , IBM, XX .

1951 , , - ( ). 1952 .
. , 1950 ( ). . 1952-1953 (50 ) . . . .
- , . , . , . . .
: , . : . . , . .

. , , - (). , , .

, "" .

1950- - (), () . 1956 - , 1958 - .

, UNIVAC -2 "" "", .

: 1960-1970-

(, , ). - ( ). , , . .

1 - - .

1964 - IBM 2250. 12 12 1024 1024 . 40 .

, - . , .

.

, , SEAC (Standarts Eastern Automatic Computer), 1951 .

60- .

: 1970-1980-

1959 . 1960 , . (Small Scale Integrated circuits - SSI). 60- .

3- . . ( ) . .

, . . : , , ( ), -.

, , . Intel 1965 , 1,5 .

, 3- .

, IBM ( IBM 360) PDP (PDP 1). (, , , 1.) () () .

, . , , , , , . - , .

. ( - ).

. "" , .

: 1980-1990-

(Large Scale Integration - LSI Very Large Scale Integration - VLSI), (1969 .) . 1980 . .

CMOS- , ( ), , , ( - ).

, CMOS- , ( ) .

1976 , (1955 . .) - Atari, (1950 . .), Hewlett-Packard. 8- , , "Apple", . 1977 Apple ., Apple.

: 1990-2010-

:

- , .

, , .

: 2011 ...

, , ( ) , , .


   

, , .

" " , -, , , "", -, " " - , "-", , , , .

" ", , "" , ( , , , - ), 100% , "-" "", " ". FAQ .

Bourabai Research Institution home page

   - Bourabai Research Bourabai Research Institution