-

, , , .. , , , , . . 10,. , , - , : , o , . , .

)                         )                         )                         )

. 10. (), () () ()

, , , , ; ( - ).

.

: R - . 10,. R2 = R + R, , . 10,,: I 2 (8) (11) , s (12) R2:

.                         (18)

, , = const, (3.16), . , .

1. - .

2. (2-3):1, .

3. . , , , , - , , .

4. = , cos j 2 I2 I2 .

5. , - M = const :

,

(18) - , - .

6. , , .

, f1 = const , , , . .

- , , . 11,.         d, .

Id=(Ed-E)/R,

R - - .

)

)                                                          )                                                          )

. 11. (), () () () -

Ed=kE1s, 1 U1 = const, s , Ţ (. 11,), Id = 0, , I2 = 0, 1 . s>s , (. 11,). (. 11,); , - 2 3.

2, , , Id, , , (. 11,).

, , -, .

, , 2 .

( ) - (1,1-1,2):1.

. - (. 12,). .

)                                                                  )

. 12. () ()

, :

                                ;                                         (19)

                                f1 = f2 + f,                                                 (20)

- ; f1, f2 - ; f - , .

(19) (20) : , f1, .. , , f (. 12,); - f2 , .

f2 , (. 12,), , . q - - . max - (19), , , , , ; , , .

: f2 . - , ; .

- f1 f2, , () . . 12, , , .


( 20 )

, " " - ?
, " - -, , , ( ). , - . ".
- . . . . , , , .
" ", " " .
, . 1795 :
" , , 250 , ; , , ." [ .., . . . - ., , 1985]
, 20- , . - , , . , . - . ( : , , ). FAQ .


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