- , , , . - .

, , - ( XIX , XIX - XX , XX ), ( , ), , , , . , , .

, .

1. : , , , . - XIX XX : .

2. 1940- - . , . . , , . , , , , , . 1948 Bell Telephone Laboratories 1953 Texas Instrument Incorporation , . - 1950- - 1960- . : .

3. 1950- , - . . , . 1960- - , ( ) - . : , , . .

1961 Fairchild Semiconductor, , , , . , 1970- , (""). - 1970- - 1980- . : .

4. 1970- , . , . - 1990- - 2000- . : .


( 20 )


, 1990- CMB ( ), 1974. , . FAQ .





 27.11.2020 - 21:31: - Ecology -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 21:31: - Ecology -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 21:31: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 21:02: - Conscience -> . ? - _.
27.11.2020 - 20:57: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 20:57: , - War, Politics and Science -> . - _.
27.11.2020 - 19:03: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 18:29: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
27.11.2020 - 15:56: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> - _.
26.11.2020 - 15:34: , - War, Politics and Science -> - _.
25.11.2020 - 07:52: - Economy and Finances -> - _.
25.11.2020 - 07:51: , , - Upbringing, Inlightening, Education -> . .. - _.

   - Bourabai Research Bourabai Research Institution