- , , , . - .

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, .

1. : , , , . - XIX XX : .

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3. 1950- , - . . , . 1960- - , ( ) - . : , , . .

1961 Fairchild Semiconductor, , , , . , 1970- , (""). - 1970- - 1980- . : .

4. 1970- , . , . - 1990- - 2000- . : .


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